2. US embargo on helicopter parts to Israel before 9/11, in view of "targeted killings"

Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2005 08:12:30 +0100 From: Rowan Berkeley

US Placed Defense Embargo on Israel Until 9/11 Attacks

By Ezra HaLevi, Arutz Sheva, Sep 26, '05

The US placed an embargo on selling helicopter parts to Israel from the start of the Oslo War(*) until the 9/11 attacks according to the former Shabak (General Security Services) head Avi Dichter. Dichter revealed the existence of the embargo in a speech delivered last Thursday at the Saban Center for Middle East Studies at the Brookings Institution, where Dichter is now a fellow. He said that the embargo was imposed because the of the Israeli policy of "targeted killings" by the Israeli air-force using US-made helicopters. "The embargo was lifted after the 9/11 attacks", Dichter said in his speech, going on to insinuate that the US itself was forced to adopt the same policy in its wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Left-wing groups in Europe and the US have long sought to convince the US government to stop selling Israel aircraft, claiming the Israeli air force was breeching the "terms of use" agreed upon with the US government ?
but the Pentagon and the State Department had traditionally rejected those claims. Meanwhile, US forces in Iraq have been purchasing ammunition and supplies from Israel due to the fact that American suppliers cannot keep up with the demand for ammunition by the US Army. A government report says that US forces are now using 1.8 billion rounds of small-arms ammunition a year. "The Department of Defense's increased requirements for small- and medium-caliber ammunitions have largely been driven by increased weapons training requirements, dictated by the army's transformation to a more self-sustaining and lethal force
- which was accelerated after the attacks of 11 September, 2001 - and by the deployment of forces to conduct recent US military actions in Afghanistan and Iraq," said the report by the General Accounting Office (GAO). The Pentagon reportedly bought 313 million rounds of 5.56mm, 7.62mm and 50-calibre ammunition from Israel last year.

(*) Wikipedia on the term 'The Oslo War' : 'The Oslo War' is a term used mainly by right-wing Jews for what the rest of the world calls the "Al-Aqsa Intifada"
or the "Second Intifada". The name implies a belief that the upsurge in violence resulted not, as most believe, from the failure of the peace process, but rather because the Palestinian side deliberately pursued the Oslo Accords in order to further a violent campaign against Israel. Alternatively, the term implies that Palestinian terrorism against Israel was enabled by the terms of the Oslo Accords, such as the granting of guns and a paramilitary police force to the Palestine Liberation Organization. The Israel Defense Forces codenamed the violence "Ebb and Tide events". The world view evident from this term has many other ramifications in terminology and rhetorics. The Israeli "architects" of Oslo are often accused, by those who use this term, of blindness and naivety.
There is a slogan among right-wing activists that calls to investigate the Oslo architects and put them on trial (literally "Judge the Oslo criminals"). An opposing viewpoint, held both by Palestinians and elsewhere, is that the peace process duped the Palestinians into abandoning their struggle against Israel in return for benefits that failed to materialise, for example statehood and a freeze on what they refer to as "Israeli seizures of Palestinian land", which increased markedly under the Accords. These are not the only possible readings of the situation ? in fact, they share the belief that the Oslo Accords were a sham negotiated in bad faith (though differing on who was responsible for the deception). Others maintain that the negotiations were in good faith and that the collapse of the peace process should rather be attributed to subsequent political developments or unrealistic flaws in the details of the negotiated framework. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oslo_War



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